Publications

Special Reports and Communications published by the HEI Energy Committee and Staff are found here. HEI Energy also periodically produces Research Briefs to summarize recently published literature on a specific topic of interest. Research Reports will be published here in the future.

Check out the HEI Energy glossary for definitions of UOGD, exposure, and epidemiology-related terms. 

Access the glossary

Special Reports

Potential Human Health Effects Associated with Unconventional Oil and Gas Development: A Systematic Review of the Epidemiology Literature (FINAL REPORT)

HEI Energy Research Committee

This report reviews the epidemiology research that assesses whether exposure to unconventional oil and natural gas development (UOGD) might lead to adverse health effects.

Communications

Human Exposure to Unconventional Oil and Gas Development: A Literature Survey for Research Planning (FINAL COMMUNICATION)

HEI Energy Research Committee

Communication 1 surveys the literature about environmental exposures associated with unconventional oil and natural gas development (UOGD). The Energy Research Committee conducted the survey as part of a larger effort to understand the current state of the science on UOGD exposures and their potential health effects.

Research Briefs

Abandoned and Orphaned Oil and Natural Gas Wells: Potential Human Exposures

Elise Elliott

This Research Brief summarizes literature about the potential for releases to the environment and human exposures associated with abandoned and orphaned wells in the United States. Conventional oil and gas wells currently dominate the U.S. inventory of inactive wells and are the primary subject of the literature reviewed here, although more UOGD wells will become inactive over time. It is part of a series of Research Briefs summarizing literature about potential exposures and health effects associated with UOGD.

Natural Gas Flaring Associated with Unconventional Oil and Gas Development: Potential Human Exposures

Anna Rosofsky

This Research Brief summarizes literature characterizing emissions from natural gas flaring, quantifying human exposures to flaring, and assessing potential inequalities in exposure to flaring. It is part of a series of Research Briefs summarizing literature about potential exposures and health effects associated with UOGD.

Utility of the FracFocus Database for Understanding Water-Related Exposures from Unconventional Oil and Gas Development

This Research Brief describes the FracFocus database, a public national registry for reporting the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing fluid. The Brief summarizes published reviews of the database, supplements these reviews with an updated description of data posted to FracFocus, and offers ideas for how the FracFocus database might be useful for research about potential human exposures associated with UOGD. It is part of a series of Research Briefs summarizing literature about potential exposures and health effects associated with UOGD.

Potential Human Health Effects Associated with Unconventional Oil and Gas Development: An Update to the Literature, 2019–2021

Anna Rosofsky

This Research Brief provides a summary of the UOGD epidemiology studies published since the HEI Energy Research Committee conducted its systematic review of this literature. It provides information on study methods and the exposures, health outcomes, and regions that have been studied. This document is not a systematic review of the literature; instead, it provides a general update on the UOGD analytical epidemiology literature. It is part of a series of Research Briefs summarizing literature about potential exposures and health effects associated with UOGD.

 

Other Publications

Strategic Research Agenda on the Potential Impacts of 21st Century Oil and Natural Gas Development in the Appalachian Region and Beyond (Published 2015)

HEI Special Scientific Committee on Unconventional Oil and Gas Development in the Appalachian Basin

Unconventional oil and natural gas development is a driving force behind significant economic and energy policy shifts in the United States and the world today. Technological advances in development are substantially increasing energy supplies, while at the same time outpacing the scientific research that can answer questions about the development’s potential effects.